Published on: October 2017
    Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2017; 3(4):267-273
    Research Article | doi:10.5530/jppcm.2017.4.70

    Immunization Errors among Pediatrics Younger than 2 years

    Authors and affiliation (s):

    Omer Qutaiba B Al-lela1*, Mohd Baidi Bahari2, Sara K Baderden3, Amina Y Basher4, Hani Kareem Hamoodi5

    1College of Pharmacy, University of Duhok (UOD), Duhok, Kurdistan region, IRAQ.

    2Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Kedah, MALAYSIA.

    3College of Pharmacy, University of Mustansiriya, Baghdad, IRAQ.

    4College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok (UOD), Duhok, Kurdistan region, IRAQ. 5Al-Nuaman Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, IRAQ.


    Objective: This study evaluated immunization compliance, immunization completeness, and vaccination errors frequency among Iraqi pediatric. Study design this study was restricted the analysis to types of vaccines administered before 2 years of age. A cohort study of 528 pediatrics born between 1st January 2003 and 31st Jun 2008 was selected. Immunization history of pediatric was collected retrospectively from pediatric immunization card. Immunization doses were classified to five types: Normal dose, early dose, missed dose, late dose, and extra dose. Pediatric who received all the immunization doses without any immunization dose errors was considered as complete immunization with full compliance. If the pediatric missed at least one immunization dose, this pediatric was considered partial immunization with noncompliance, and if this pediatric received at least one immunization dose error, this pediatric was considered complete immunization with noncompliance. Results: Less than half of pediatric were considered as partial immunization with noncompliance. 3696 immunization doses must receive by 528 pediatric, 25.3% of doses were normal doses, 8.3% as an early doses, 13.6% as a missed doses, 47.5% of doses were late doses, and 5.3% as an extra doses. Conclusions: Immunization errors occur frequently and leading to improper immunization compliance. This study recommended increasing effort to optimize childhood immunization.

    Key words: immunization, compliance, errors, pediatrics, two years.

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    Cite this article as

    Al-Lela OQ, Bahari MB, Baderden SK, Basher AY, Hamoodi HK. Immunization Errors among Pediatrics Younger than 2 years. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine. 2017;3(4):267-73. Abstract