Published on:Nov, 2015
    Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine, 2015; 1(1):24-29
    Research Article | doi:10.5530/jppcm.2015.1.6

    Knowledge, Attitudes and Risk Perceptions towards Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Among Health Sciences Students in a Public University, Malaysia

    Authors and affiliation (s):

    Ramadan M. ElKalmi*1, Abdul Kareem Al-Shami1, Ramez M. Alkoudmani1, Tarek Al-Syed1,Omer Qutaiba B. Al-Lela2, Isha Patel3

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia.

    2School of pharmacy-Faculty of Medical sciences, University of Duhok, Duhok- Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

    3Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy-Shenandoah University, Winchester, VA, USA.


    Objectives: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the level of knowledge, attitudes, and risk perceptions regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunity deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among final year health sciences students in the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Malaysia. Methods: Students admitted in the schools of medicine, pharmacy, nursing, dentistry and allied health sciences at IIUM, Kuantan campus were targeted. Online questionnaire was completed by 236 of final students who volunteered to be a part of this study. Data were collected and analysed by using the Statistical Package for Social software (SPSS). Results: The vast majority of respondents were females (n=165, 70%). About 41.1% of participants were pharmacy students followed by medicine (n= 61, 25.8%), allied health sciences (n=40, 16.9%), nursing (n=20, 8.5%) and dentistry (n=18, 7.6%). Conclusion: The present study results showed moderate awareness about HIV/AIDS treatment, methods of HIV transmission, and educational knowledge of HIV/AIDS among students. The curriculum offered in different health professions should incorporate correct information about HIV/AIDS, thereby minimizing fear, misconceptions, and negatives attitudes that practising professionals hold about HIV/AIDS patients.

    Key words: Health science, Students, HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Attitude, Understanding, Malaysia.