Assessment of Prescription Errors among Community Pharmacists in Quetta Balochitsan, Pakistan

Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine,2022,8,2,20-25.
Published:August 2022
Type:Research Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Sherjeel Najam1, Noman Ul Haq1,*, Muhammad Saood2, Aqeel Nasim3, Zeeshan Danish4, Yasmin Shah5, Shabana Andleeb6

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta, PAKISTAN.

2Pharmacy Practice, Drug Analyst/Hospital Pharmacist, Provincial Drug Testing Laboratory, Quetta, PAKISTAN.

3Pharmacy Practice, Hospital Pharmacist Balochistan Institute of Nephro-Urology Quetta (BINUQ), Quetta, PAKISTAN.

4College of Pharmacy, University of Punjab, Lahore, PAKISTAN.

5Department of Pharmaceutics and Hospital Pharmacist, Balochistan Institute of Nephro Urology Quetta (BINUQ), Quetta, PAKISTAN.

6Qualified Demonstrator, Department of Biochemistry, Bolan Medical University of Health Sciences, Quetta, PAKISTAN.


Background: Community pharmacists can serve as a key source of scientifically correct drug information and can provide advice on how to utilise pharmaceuticals in a safe, appropriate, and cost–effective manner. The dispensing procedure at a community pharmacy is an important aspect of safe medication usage, and it is one of a pharmacist’s primary professional tasks, along with patient counselling. Objectives: To find awareness level of community pharmacist regarding prescription error and to find either they can find prescription errors or not. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in community pharmacies of Balochistan, Quetta by using simulated prescriptions containing identifiable errors in Quetta Pakistan. Analyses was performed on IBM SPSS. Results: As per qualifications the maximum 259 (92.8%) were Pharm-D degree holder. As far s experience is concerned most of them 197 (70.6%) had 1-3 years of experience. In all prescriptions Level of Errors Identification on individual Medicine. The result it was found that non identified errors were dominant in all prescription. Only the experience group was statistically significant (p<0.001). and rest of variables were non-significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: Understanding the types of prescription mistakes and the variables that contribute to them allows for error avoidance at the earliest stage of the pharmaceutical process. Preparing pharmacy, medical, and nursing students to recognise prescription mistakes enhances patient care and reduces the risk of negative outcomes.